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The Loom Knitting Project

Ultimate Oval Loom Knitting Set package

Loom knitting, also known as frame knitting, has enjoyed a resurgence in recent years. I decided to make it my third project for National Craft Month, because although it is “knitting”, it’s nothing like the knitting I’ve done in the past. I know how to knit with all kinds of needles, and with a knitting machine, but I’ve never tried it on a loom.

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The Looms

There are many sizes and styles of knitting looms, made for different weights of yarn and different lengths or circumferences of knitting. They can be rectangular, circular or oval. Gauge is determined by the size of the loom pegs and how far apart they are spaced.

Leisure Arts kindly provided their Ultimate Oval Loom Knitting set, which contained small and large looms, along with a stitching tool and how-to book. I dutifully read the instructions all the way through first, because I knew there would be a test—in the form of this blog post—at the end.

I started with the small loom and with no intention of actually making anything, just to get the hang of things. This is called “swatching”, and it’s something you always do in needle-knitting, right?*

Beginner's Guide to Oval Loom Knitting cover

The Beginner’s Guide to Oval Loom Knitting, which came with the set, includes seven projects that teach the basics of loom knitting as you learn the e-wrap cast on, e-wrap knit stitch, knit stitch, purl stitch, twisted garter stitch, binding off, and other techniques. If you happen to have an electronic device handy while you knit, you can even watch Leisure Arts videos that demonstrate the techniques used in each project.

E-Wrapping (Kn)it

E-Wrap cast on and knit-dark yarn on light green pegs

I grabbed some purple Lion Brand Vanna’s Choice that I had on hand and, with the book open on my lap, I cast on stitches using the e-wrap method. Another series of e-wraps, working counterclockwise around the loom, served as the first part of the first round. I then grabbed the little tool thingie and used it to lift each cast-on loop over the top loop on each peg to complete the first round.

Twisted Stockinette and Regular Stockinette -stitches highlighted on a piece of loom knitting

Although I was a bit awkward because I had to figure out how to hold things, it was pretty easy and went relatively fast. The worsted weight yarn I used was the correct weight for this stitch/loom/yarn combination. I got this. 
Using the e-wrap method throughout creates a soft. relatively loose twisted stockinette stitch fabric. In other words, each of the stitches has a little twist at the base of the stitch, where its feet cross each other, as shown in the red-outlined stitches. It looks and feels fine, but I wanted to make a fabric that looks like standard stockinette stitch, with rows of straight V’s, as shown in the green-highlighted stitches.

The Knit Stitch

Changing to grey yarn, I followed the book’s instructions for the knit stitch. This involves holding the working yarn on the outside of the peg above the existing loops, and using the tool to left the bottom loop over the working yarn and off the peg. In the beginning I was terrible at managing to hold the loom, control the tool, and maintain a loose enough tension in the working yarn to allow the loops to pass over each other easily. In other words, typical novice crafter problems.

It became easier as I practiced, but the tension was still pretty tight. A lighter-weight yarn would have been a good idea here. My stockinette stitch looked okay, but it was fairly compressed, row-wise, and uneven in spots. It’s a small sample, but my gauge is about 15 stitches and 32 rounds = 4″.

U-wrapping (Kn)it

U-wrap loom knit stitch

Not being satisfied with the tension I was achieving with the knit stitch, I did some research and found that I could wrap the yarn differently to create a looser stitch. By taking the yarn in a U-path—holding it behind the peg, bringing it forward, around, and back—I made the path of the working yarn longer than with the previous method. This U-wrap method was incorporated into the next section.

The Purl Stitch

Still working on my swatch, I practiced the purl stitch. Purling on the loom is a bit tricky. You hold the working yarn below the loop on the peg, use the loom tool to draw the working yarn up through the loop; then pull the entire thing off the peg and replace the new loop onto the peg. It’s more fiddly than the knit stitch. The book and video say to pull the loop off the peg using your fingers. With practice I was able to do the whole procedure with the loom tool in hand, without really having to use my fingertips much.

Just as with regular knitting, k1, p1 rib is created by working knit and purl stitches alternately around, so I practiced that for a few rounds, then bound off.

Enough already. I’m ready to make something!

The Hat

I chose to go with my own design rather than one of the projects in the book. With the larger loom and the same yarn, I cast on 70 stitches and worked k1, p1 rib for a round.

Almost immediately I ran into a problem. When I’m needle-knitting, I can see the stitches and read my fabric, so I don’t get confused about whether I’m on a knit or a purl. In loom knitting, the stitches are somewhat hidden by the loom itself. You have to peer over the pegs to look at the wrong side of the fabric to determine which type of stitch comes next. Permanent marker to the rescue! I simply marked every other peg, which helped me keep track of which stitch went on which peg.**

After a few rounds of ribbing, I switched to knitting in the round, adding stripes as the mood took me.

Ribbing and stockinette stitch on loom

The stitches on the loom are stretched width-wise. When they come off the loom you have to tug the fabric gently to set the stitches vertically. This causes the stitches to draw together in width and stretch in length. For this reason, I couldn’t quite tell how long my hat was getting, or whether it would even fit. (Maybe I should have followed one of the perfectly good patterns in the book.)

It took me quite a while to discover that placing the loom on a table or other surface makes it easier to hold. Most of the time I had the loom in my lap, and found it uncomfortable to handle that way. Putting it on a flat surface made a world of difference. Eventually I developed a kind of rhythm and got faster at the knitting. Even so, I could have needle-knit three hats in the time it took me to knit this one. This isn’t as bad as it sounds. At this point, I’d been needle-knitting for 40 years, and only loom knitting for about ten hours.
When I decided I had knit enough length, I gathered the live stitches with the working yarn and pulled it them together to create a slouchy-top hat.

Finished Hat

It’s not perfect. The cast-on looks sloppy, there are errors in the ribbing where I should have purled when I knit and vice versa, and some uneven rounds and stitches where I didn’t keep an even tension.


It looks like hat! It fits like a hat!

Dropped Stitches

My first needle-knit hat certainly never looked this good!


  • Loom knitting is easy to learn, even if you’ve never knit before.
  • You may find it faster than needle-knitting, although if you are a fairly fast needle-knitter, this may not be true.
  • It’s especially good for those who have trouble holding knitting needles, or who just haven’t quite figured out how to manage two needles and tension the yarn at the same time.
  • As with needle knitting, it is possible to drop stitches (see photo) and to have uneven tension. I did both!
  • Getting gauge to match a pattern and creating exact sizing may be more difficult with a loom than with needle-knitting. The loom sizes are more constraining than individual knitting needles.
Loom Knit Stitch Dictionary

Would I try loom knitting again?

Probably, because I still have more stitch patterns to learn. Leisure Arts also provided me with the Loom Knit Stitch Dictionary. A stitch dictionary. Squee! I’m a sucker for a stitch dictionary, so there is some serious loom swatching in my future.

Loom Knit Socks
Twisted Garter Hat Back View

Plus, take a look at some of the projects you can make with the patterns in The Beginner’s Guide to Oval Loom Knitting. Next time, I’ll probably follow a pattern!

How about you? Have you tried loom knitting? Are you a fan?

*Just nod and agree. We both know you are fibbing, but it makes us feel better to think that we always do a good swatch before starting a project.

**Note to loom manufacturers: Alternating colored pegs might be a helpful improvement to your product.


8 thoughts on “The Loom Knitting Project”

  1. How is knitting on an oval loom different from knitting on a round one? It seems like the result would be exactly the same.

  2. I have a little wooden knitting spool with six nails. Haven’t used it. I think I may have collected it as a vintage tool at a resale shop just for display. Thanks for explaining how to get an untwisted knit stitch. When my students ask, I will know what to tell them. What I really crave is a circular sock machine. And maybe the Addi Express King Size for charity hats.

  3. Yes, the knitting spool is a tiny knitting loom, and a circular sock machine does basically the same thing, only much faster! As I was loom knitting, I found myself thinking it was more related to machine knitting than to needle-knitting, although the resulting fabric looks the same.

  4. I own three knitting looms including a Prym sock oval. I also own three loom knitting books. I bought these a few years ago (looms and books) thinking surely loom knitting would be easier to learn than knitting with needles. Uhmmm, no, at least not for me:) After numerous failed attempts with all three looms (after reading all three books line-for-line) I gave up and learned how to knit with needles. I don’t think I’ll ever be as comfortable with knitting as I am with crochet but I can knit hats and scarves people will actually wear, and am working on my first jumper…the looms and books are going to the car boot sale the first weekend of summer!

  5. I have thee round loom set. I have used the adult sized and the infant sized for lots of quickie hats. I still prefer the looks and the knitting action itself using needles. But great for kids and like I said for quickie projects. Of course, I didn’t do anything fancy. I have loads to learn concerning looms. Maybe one of these days I’ll give them another whirl learning new stitches.

  6. About marking needles for patterning: I need a Sharpie Industrial at every workstation. However, I’d use something less permanent for a tool which may need to have different markings for different patterns. Perhaps a dot of acrylic paint would last long enough for a project but be easy to pop off later. Maybe on the base near the peg, where there is less abrasion.

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